The National Flag - Taegeukgi

The National Flag - Taegeukgi

Origin

Following the trend for modern states to adopt national flags, the decision to create a national flag for Korea emerged with the ratification of the Korea-United States Treaty of 1882. No accurate records remain of the Korean flag chosen for use at the signing ceremony; however, some argue that the flag was si milar to the ensign flag featured in the Flags of Maritime Nations issued by the U.S. Navy Department’s Bureau of Navigation and found in 2004. In his capacity as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary under King Gojong, Park Yeong-hyo kept a record of his diplomatic mission to Japan in 1882.

In his capacity as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary under King Gojong, Park Yeong-hyo kept a record of his diplomatic mission to Japan in 1882. According to his journal, known as Sahwagiryak, in September of that year while aboard the ship to Japan, Park created a four-trigram flag with a taegeuk circle (instead of the flag with eight black bars that had been used prior to 1800). The flag was used from September 25, 1882, according to Park’s report to the government on October 3 of that year. By royal order on March 6, 1883, King Gojong promulgated that Park’s flag with a taegeuk circle in the center and four trigrams around it (the flag named Taegeukgi) be the national flag. However, due to a lack of specific guidelines, the flag design took different forms. On June 29, 1942, the Provisional Government issued a national flag style guide to ensure that subsequent flags would be created in a consistent manner. Despite these efforts, however, ordinary people were unaware of these guidelines.After the establishment of the Republic of Korea on August 15, 1948, the government felt an increasing need to standardize flag construction. Thus in January 1949, it formed the National Flag Correction Committee, which announced the National Flag Construction Guidelines on October 15 of that year. A number of regulations were later implemented, providing for the systematic management of the flag: the Act on the Flag of the Republic of Korea, enacted in January 2007; the Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Flag of the Republic of Korea, in July 2007; and the Regulations on the Hoisting, Management, and Promotion of the National Flag in September 2009 (by instructions from the Prime Minister).

Symbolism of the flag

The Taegeukgi consists of a white background, a red and blue taegeuk circle in the center, and four black trigrams (collectively called geongongamri), one in each corner of the flag. The white background represents brightness, purity, and peace, qualities that are highly valued by the people. The taegeuk, which has long been a commonly used motif, denotes the harmony between the negative cosmic forces (yin : blue portion) and the positive cosmic forces (yang : red portion), depicting the truth of nature that all things are created and evolve through the interaction of yin and yang. The four black trigrams are specific representations of the movement and harmony of these forces. In detail, the geon symbolizes the sky, the gon the earth, the gam water, and the ri fire. Together, they create harmony around the taegeuk mark. In short, the Taegeukgi flag embodies the vision of the Korean people who, like the universe, seek continuous creation and enrichment. By upholding the spirit and significance of the Taegeukgi, the people seek to realize unity and unification and contribute to the happiness and peace of humanity.

Construction of the Flag of Korea

Construction of the Flag of Korea

  1. ① Diameter of circle x 3
  2. ② Diameter of circle x 2
  3. ③ Diameter of circle x 1/2
  4. ④ Length of flag x 1/2
  5. ⑤ Right angle (90 degrees)
  6. ⑥ Diameter of Circle x 1/24
  7. ⑦ Diameter of circle x 1/4
  8. ⑧ Diameter of circle x 1/3
  9. ⑨ Diameter of circle x 1/12

Pledge of allegiance to the flag (revised on July 27, 2007)

I, standing before the noble Taegeukgi, solemnly pledge allegiance to the Republic of Korea, to its glory, liberty and justice.

 

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Minister of the OPC

Minister of the OPC

NOH Hyeong OukNOH Hyeong-ouk

Minister of the OPC Biography
Birth
1962
Minister of the OPC Biography
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Education 1981 Graduated from Gwangju Jeil High School
1986 Graduated from Department of Political Science and International Relations, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
1988 Obtained master’s degree for public administration, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
1996 Obtained master’s degree for international economics, graduate school of Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris , France
홍남기 국무조정실장의 주요경력
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Career 1987 Passed the 30th public administration examination
1999 Industrial Science Budget Department of National Budget Administration, Construction and Transportation Department of National Budget Administration
2000 Budget Coordination Department, dispatched to Virginia State Government, US
2003 Director of Department of Budget Criteria, Ministry of Planning and Budget
2005 Director of Welfare and Labor Budget Department, Director of Mid-term Financial Plan Department
2006 Director of Financial Coordination Department
2007 Head of Digital Budget and Accounting System Planning Division
2008 Dispatched to the Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security for training
2010 Director General for Policy Planning at Ministry of Health and Welfare
2011 Director General for Public Innovation, Public Institutions Policy Bureau, Ministry of Economy and Finance
2012 Deputy Director General for Administrative Budget, Budget Office
2013 Deputy Director General for Social Budget, Budget Office
2014 Deputy Minister for financial management
2016 - 2018 The 2nd Vice Minister, Ministry of Office for Government Policy Coordination
Nov 2018 Present Minister for Government Policy Coordination