The National Flag - Taegeukgi

The National Flag - Taegeukgi

Origin

Following the trend for modern states to adopt national flags, the decision to create a national flag for Korea emerged with the ratification of the Korea-United States Treaty of 1882. No accurate records remain of the Korean flag chosen for use at the signing ceremony; however, some argue that the flag was si milar to the ensign flag featured in the Flags of Maritime Nations issued by the U.S. Navy Department’s Bureau of Navigation and found in 2004. In his capacity as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary under King Gojong, Park Yeong-hyo kept a record of his diplomatic mission to Japan in 1882.

In his capacity as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary under King Gojong, Park Yeong-hyo kept a record of his diplomatic mission to Japan in 1882. According to his journal, known as Sahwagiryak, in September of that year while aboard the ship to Japan, Park created a four-trigram flag with a taegeuk circle (instead of the flag with eight black bars that had been used prior to 1800). The flag was used from September 25, 1882, according to Park’s report to the government on October 3 of that year. By royal order on March 6, 1883, King Gojong promulgated that Park’s flag with a taegeuk circle in the center and four trigrams around it (the flag named Taegeukgi) be the national flag. However, due to a lack of specific guidelines, the flag design took different forms. On June 29, 1942, the Provisional Government issued a national flag style guide to ensure that subsequent flags would be created in a consistent manner. Despite these efforts, however, ordinary people were unaware of these guidelines.After the establishment of the Republic of Korea on August 15, 1948, the government felt an increasing need to standardize flag construction. Thus in January 1949, it formed the National Flag Correction Committee, which announced the National Flag Construction Guidelines on October 15 of that year. A number of regulations were later implemented, providing for the systematic management of the flag: the Act on the Flag of the Republic of Korea, enacted in January 2007; the Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Flag of the Republic of Korea, in July 2007; and the Regulations on the Hoisting, Management, and Promotion of the National Flag in September 2009 (by instructions from the Prime Minister).

Symbolism of the flag

The Taegeukgi consists of a white background, a red and blue taegeuk circle in the center, and four black trigrams (collectively called geongongamri), one in each corner of the flag. The white background represents brightness, purity, and peace, qualities that are highly valued by the people. The taegeuk, which has long been a commonly used motif, denotes the harmony between the negative cosmic forces (yin : blue portion) and the positive cosmic forces (yang : red portion), depicting the truth of nature that all things are created and evolve through the interaction of yin and yang. The four black trigrams are specific representations of the movement and harmony of these forces. In detail, the geon symbolizes the sky, the gon the earth, the gam water, and the ri fire. Together, they create harmony around the taegeuk mark. In short, the Taegeukgi flag embodies the vision of the Korean people who, like the universe, seek continuous creation and enrichment. By upholding the spirit and significance of the Taegeukgi, the people seek to realize unity and unification and contribute to the happiness and peace of humanity.

Construction of the Flag of Korea

Construction of the Flag of Korea

  1. ① Diameter of circle x 3
  2. ② Diameter of circle x 2
  3. ③ Diameter of circle x 1/2
  4. ④ Length of flag x 1/2
  5. ⑤ Right angle (90 degrees)
  6. ⑥ Diameter of Circle x 1/24
  7. ⑦ Diameter of circle x 1/4
  8. ⑧ Diameter of circle x 1/3
  9. ⑨ Diameter of circle x 1/12

Pledge of allegiance to the flag (revised on July 27, 2007)

I, standing before the noble Taegeukgi, solemnly pledge allegiance to the Republic of Korea, to its glory, liberty and justice.

 

Prime Minister

  • home
  • Prime Minister
  • Profile

Profile

Prime Minister

Prime Miniter Lee Nak-yonLee Nak-yon

Prime Minister's Biography
Birth
1952, Yeonggwang-gun, Jeollanamdo
Prime Minister's Biography
part date contents
Education 1974 College of Law of Seoul National University with a Bachelor’s degree in Law, Seoul, Korea
1970 Jeil High School in Gwangju
Prime Minister's Biography
part date contents
Career 1979 Political Journalist of Donga Ilbo
1990 Tokyo Correspondent of Donga Ilbo
1994 Deputy Head of Political Desk at Donga lbo
1997 Editorialist of Donga Ilbo
1999 Head of the International Department at Donga Ilbo
2000-2004 16th National Assembly Member
2000-2001 Chairman of the 1st Policy Adjustment Committee of the Democratic Party
2000-2001 Assistant Administrator of the Special Committee for the Inter-Korean Reconciliation,
Cooperation, and Exchanges of the Democratic Party
2001-2002 Spokesman of the Democratic Party
2002 Spokesman of the 16th Presidential Election Task Force of the Democratic Party
2002-2003 Spokesman of Roh Moo-hyun, the President-Elect
2003 Representative Chief Secretary of the Democratic Party
2004-2006 Floor Leader of the Democratic Party
2007 Deputy Party Leader of the Democratic Party
2007 Supreme Member of the Moderate United Democratic Party
2007-2008 Spokesman of the United New Democratic Party
2004-2008 17th National Assembly Member
2008-2012 18th National Assembly Member
2008-2010 Chairman of the National Assembly’s Food, Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries Committee
2010-2011 Secretary General of the Democratic Party
2010-2012 Chairman of Committee at the Democratic Party in Jeollanam-do
2012-2014 19th National Assembly Member
2014-2017 Governor of Jeollanam-do
May 2017 present 45th Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea