The National Flag - Taegeukgi

The National Flag - Taegeukgi

Origin

Following the trend for modern states to adopt national flags, the decision to create a national flag for Korea emerged with the ratification of the Korea-United States Treaty of 1882. No accurate records remain of the Korean flag chosen for use at the signing ceremony; however, some argue that the flag was si milar to the ensign flag featured in the Flags of Maritime Nations issued by the U.S. Navy Department’s Bureau of Navigation and found in 2004. In his capacity as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary under King Gojong, Park Yeong-hyo kept a record of his diplomatic mission to Japan in 1882.

In his capacity as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary under King Gojong, Park Yeong-hyo kept a record of his diplomatic mission to Japan in 1882. According to his journal, known as Sahwagiryak, in September of that year while aboard the ship to Japan, Park created a four-trigram flag with a taegeuk circle (instead of the flag with eight black bars that had been used prior to 1800). The flag was used from September 25, 1882, according to Park’s report to the government on October 3 of that year. By royal order on March 6, 1883, King Gojong promulgated that Park’s flag with a taegeuk circle in the center and four trigrams around it (the flag named Taegeukgi) be the national flag. However, due to a lack of specific guidelines, the flag design took different forms. On June 29, 1942, the Provisional Government issued a national flag style guide to ensure that subsequent flags would be created in a consistent manner. Despite these efforts, however, ordinary people were unaware of these guidelines.After the establishment of the Republic of Korea on August 15, 1948, the government felt an increasing need to standardize flag construction. Thus in January 1949, it formed the National Flag Correction Committee, which announced the National Flag Construction Guidelines on October 15 of that year. A number of regulations were later implemented, providing for the systematic management of the flag: the Act on the Flag of the Republic of Korea, enacted in January 2007; the Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Flag of the Republic of Korea, in July 2007; and the Regulations on the Hoisting, Management, and Promotion of the National Flag in September 2009 (by instructions from the Prime Minister).

Symbolism of the flag

The Taegeukgi consists of a white background, a red and blue taegeuk circle in the center, and four black trigrams (collectively called geongongamri), one in each corner of the flag. The white background represents brightness, purity, and peace, qualities that are highly valued by the people. The taegeuk, which has long been a commonly used motif, denotes the harmony between the negative cosmic forces (yin : blue portion) and the positive cosmic forces (yang : red portion), depicting the truth of nature that all things are created and evolve through the interaction of yin and yang. The four black trigrams are specific representations of the movement and harmony of these forces. In detail, the geon symbolizes the sky, the gon the earth, the gam water, and the ri fire. Together, they create harmony around the taegeuk mark. In short, the Taegeukgi flag embodies the vision of the Korean people who, like the universe, seek continuous creation and enrichment. By upholding the spirit and significance of the Taegeukgi, the people seek to realize unity and unification and contribute to the happiness and peace of humanity.

Construction of the Flag of Korea

Construction of the Flag of Korea

  1. ① Diameter of circle x 3
  2. ② Diameter of circle x 2
  3. ③ Diameter of circle x 1/2
  4. ④ Length of flag x 1/2
  5. ⑤ Right angle (90 degrees)
  6. ⑥ Diameter of Circle x 1/24
  7. ⑦ Diameter of circle x 1/4
  8. ⑧ Diameter of circle x 1/3
  9. ⑨ Diameter of circle x 1/12

Pledge of allegiance to the flag (revised on July 27, 2007)

I, standing before the noble Taegeukgi, solemnly pledge allegiance to the Republic of Korea, to its glory, liberty and justice.

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Prime Minister

Prime Miniter Lee Nak-yonChung Sye-kyun

Prime Minister's Biography
Birth
1950, Jinan-gun, Jeollabukdo
Prime Minister's Biography
part date contents
Education 1969.1 Graduated from Jeonju Shinheung High School in Jeonju
1975.2 Graduated with a Bachelor's Degree in Law, Korea University
1990.4 Master's of Business Administration, Pepperdine University, United States
2004.2 Ph.D, Business Administration, Kyung Hee University
2014.8 Honorary Doctorate, Political Science, Chonbuk National University
2017.2 Honorary Doctorate, Public Policy Management, Pusan National University
Prime Minister's Biography
part date contents
Career 1978.1∼1995.6 Ssangyong Group Vice-President / Executive Director
1996.5~2000.5. Assemblymen of the 15th National Assembly (Jeonbuk: Jinan, Muju, Jangsu)
1997.7~1998.4 National Assembly Finance and Economy Committee Assistant Administrator
1998.3~1998.5 House Steering Committee Assistant Administrator
1998.6~1999.7 Tripartite Commission (current: Economic Social Development Commission (ESDC) Chairman
1998.6~2016.8 Chairman of the Purunkum Institute Education Foundation
1998.10~2001.10 Chairman of the Future Rural Research Association
1999.5~2002.2 Chairman of the Korea Shooting Federation for the Disabled
2000.5~2004.5 Assemblymen of the 16th National Assembly (Jeonbuk: Jinan, Muju, Jangsu)
2000.6~2001.5 Assisstant Administrator of the National Assembly Special Committee on Budget and Accounts
2000.12~2003.11 Chairman of the National Assembly's Special Committee to Investigate the Actual Management of Public Funds
2001.11~2002.4 Millennium Democratic Party Policy Planning Committee Chairman
2001.12 National Assembly Finance and Economy Committee Assistant Administrator
2002.5~2003.9 Assistant Administrator of the National Assembly Special Committee for Political Reform
2002.9~2004.5 Chairman of the Special Committee on Investigation of State Affairs on Public Funds
2003.11~2004.5 Uri Party Policy Planning Committee Chairman
2004.1~2005.1 Uri Party Representative
2004.5~2008.5 Assemblymen of the 17th National Assembly (Jinan, Muju, Jangsu, Imsil)
2004.7~2005.1 Chairman of the National Assembly Special Committee on Budget and Accounts
2005.2~2006.1 Chairman of the Steering Committee of the National Assembly
2005.10~2006.1 Uri Party Emergency Measure Committee Member
2006.2~2007.1 Minister of Commerce, Industry and Energy
2007.2~8 Uri Party Chairman
2008.5~2012.5 Assemblymen of the 18th National Assembly (Jinan, Muju, Jangsu, Imsil)
2008.7~2010.8 Democratic Party Chairman
2009.5~2016.7 Chairman of the Future Rural Research Association
2010.10~2011.12 Member of the Supreme Council of the Democratic Party
2011.12~2014.3 Executive Advisor to the Democratic Party
2012.5~2016.5 Assemblymen of the 19th National Assembly (Jongro, Seoul)
2013.12~2014.2 Committee Chairman of the Special Committee for Reform to Strengthen political neutrality among the National Assembly, National Intelligence Service and other government agencies
2014.3~2015.12 Executive Advisor to the New Politics Alliance for Democracy
2014.9~12 New Politics Alliance for Democracy-Emergency Measure Committee Member
2015.7~12 New Politics Alliance for Democracy-Economic Competence Party Committee Joint Committee Chairman
2015.12~2016.6 Executive Advisor to the Democratic Party of Korea
2015.12~2016.6 Democratic Party of Korea-Economic Competence Party Committee Joint Committee Chairman
2016.6~2018.5 Speaker of the National Assembly
2019.8~12 Chairman of the committee with the ruling party, the Blue House and the government to examine the situation and provide countermeasures in response to Japan export regulations
2020.1.14 Present 46th Prime Minister